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10/22(四)文學組演講-Tie Knots and Slip Knots: Sexual Difference and Memory in Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde

最新消息
張貼人:鄧綺如公告日期:2015-10-13
海報
許多人都讀過中古重要的作家喬叟的「坎特伯里故事」,但卻沒讀過他在中古最受歡迎的作品Troilus and Criseyde。此次有榮幸邀請到國際級學者Prof. Ruth Evans來談談這個既浪漫又戲謔的作品,非常難得,請把握機會。
講題:Tie Knots and Slip Knots: Sexual Difference and Memory in Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde
講者:Prof. Ruth Evans (Dorothy McBride Orthwein Chair of English, Saint Louis University)
時間:10/22(四) 12:30-14:00
地點:國立政治大學 商學院館 260201
 Abstract
In this paper, I begin by considering the gendering of memory in medieval arts of memory and memory treatises. What were the gendered aspects of memory in the later Middle Ages? I then use this as a frame for approaching the gendered politics of memory in Geoffrey Chaucer’s late fourteenth-century romantic tragedy Troilus and Criseyde. I use as my focus of analysis the recurrent use of the trope of the knot in Chaucer’s poem, a trope that serves as a relay point for thinking through the poem’s preoccupation with both memory (seen, for example, in the use of memorial knots in medieval culture) and the binding power of love (a version of the philosopher Boethius’s “holy bond of things”). When tragedy strikes and Troilus and Criseyde are separated and must live apart, the lovers remember their love for each other in significantly different ways – and they also make different claims on each other’s memory. The poem’s numerous references to knots are a focal point for considering these claims.
The tragedy of Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde is that Troilus cannot get Criseyde out of his mind, but Criseyde seems quickly to forget Troilus. Exiled from Troy in the Greek camp, she transfers her love to Diomede. Although the narrator is anxious not to condemn Criseyde for her scandalous forgetfulness, it is nevertheless all too easy to read Troilus’s obsessive fidelity to the memory of Criseyde and Criseyde’s faithless amnesia as divided along a familiar gendered binary: men are loyal; women are naturally forgetful. But these gendered differences, I argue, are not as uncomplicated as they at first appear. Drawing on the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan’s model of the logic of sexuation, I argue that the poem’s poignant exploration of remembrance and forgetting does not function as a condemnation of Criseyde but is rather a way of presenting the failure of the sexual relation and the conundrum of sexual difference.
最後修改時間:2015-10-13 AM 8:54

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